Simultaneous Election 2020, Utilization of Digital Space for Campaigns
JAKARTA - The Simultaneous Election 2020 will be held on December 9, 2020. There are many different things in the implementation of the Simultaneous Election this time. The most pronounced difference is of course the implementation of the Pilkada in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic.
The next difference is the obligation to comply with health protocols from initial preparation to the completion of the vote counting process. As stated in the Government Regulation in Lieu of Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 2 of 2020 concerning the Third Amendment to Law Number 1 of 2015 concerning Stipulation of Government Regulations in Lieu of Law Number 1 of 2014 concerning Election of Governors, Regents and Mayors into Laws. Law, as well as PKPU No.13 of 2020.
Through PKPU 13/2020, in general, the KPU seeks to implement the Covid-19 health protocol to reduce face-to-face meetings, or prioritize the campaign process through online social media (social media) bases.
The implementation of health protocols in activities that are originally to attract large numbers of people is certainly not easy, for example, the campaign for each pair of candidates (candidate pairs) which is usually held on a large scale by inviting the public directly / face to face.
In the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic, every candidate pair is required to make significant strategic changes. One way is to use digital space as a new vehicle for campaigning.
Judging from past experiences, the digital space in Indonesia became very noisy with black campaigns and information containing hoaxes or SARA during the General Election period.
With the movement of the campaign zone to the virtual world ahead of the 2020 Concurrent Election, it is hoped that this will no longer be repeated.
The campaign by utilizing social media to promote the vision, mission and superior programs to the community is expected to open a positive dialogue between candidate pairs and voters. Paslon's creativity in campaigning through social media is very much needed to influence or attract public sympathy when voting later.
The General Election Commission (KPU) revealed that it has prepared a number of policy mechanisms that regulate the campaign process through online media, one of which is related to political advertising. Candidates are also encouraged to create new social media accounts that will be used for campaigning.
Meanwhile, the Ministry of Communication and Informatics (Kominfo) continues to strive to improve the digital literacy of the community so that they can use social media wisely during the campaign period until election time arrives by communicating in the digital space in an ethical and healthy manner to minimize potential conflicts and law violations.
To discuss in depth about the use of digital space during the 2020 Simultaneous Election, the Director General of Information and Public Communication, Ministry of Communication and Information, Prof. Widodo Muktiyo together with the Chairperson of the Regional General Election Commission (KPUD) D.I Yogyakarta, Hamdan Kurniawan will have a dialogue on the Public Domain program on TVRI Yogyakarta Station, which will be broadcast on Saturday, 10 October 2020, 15.00 - 16.00 WIB.
In the situation of the Covid-19 pandemic, changing the campaign zone to a digital space is certainly not aimed at limiting the movement of candidate pairs because in fact the campaign must provide a sense of security, not endanger prospective voters, the election committee and also the candidate pairs themselves. (***)